As a generalisation SF stands for Speculative Fiction
When I first decided that I wanted to be a writer rather than write in my spare time, one of the first things I discovered was the tried and true, ‘write what you know’, and it’s stood me in good stead whenever I feel as though I’ve lost my way, or have been ambushed by my characters.
With the passage of time and the gaining of some wisdom, I’ve amended that phrase so that it now reads, ‘write what you know about’, which has made room for all sorts of research ‘n other fun stuff.
I know (and love) Science Fiction and Fantasy. I’ve read it for most of my life, certainly since I was about fifteen and skipped a science class to read Asimov and Clarke and many others of the ‘golden age of Science Fiction’ in the school library. (There wasn’t a woman SF author to be found in that small high school library)
And I know lesbians, having been one all my life. I’ve read about them my whole adult life, certainly since I skipped a phys-ed class (some years after reading Asimov and the boys) to read Radclyffe Hall and Ann Bannon in the public library and any of the girls I could find.
It’s a challenge creating characters that in so many parts of this odd little planet of ours are seen as a marginalised and vilified people. Thankfully, here in Canada we are one of the growing number of countries where being gay isn’t a reason, at least legally, to be on the receiving end of homophobia, abuse, and violence.
LGBT characters have a fundamental set of backstory challenges to overcome even before they start having their adventures in the main story. This is true of many minority based characters, (i.e. anyone not heterosexual, able-bodied, white, etc) but perhaps because of the niche market that gay and lesbian characters in fiction appeal to, they present a different (not necessarily unique) set of challenges for the writer.
I decided early on that when I created the worlds for my characters to inhabit, their gay-ness wouldn’t be the central issue. There were many authors out there who were doing this, and doing it well, but I wanted to try another way of writing lesbian characters without losing sight of the essential difference that makes them lesbian.
The good news is that my chosen genre, Science Fiction and sub-genres; feminist SF and lesbian SF allow me to place my characters outside the rigid structures imposed here, on this Earth, at this time, in this reality. In those other worlds, times and dimensions, they’re able to evolve within the storyline without necessarily being lesbian first.
However, hand-on-hand with a ripping good plot, the tension a good story needs to move it along and keep the reader coming back for more is generated by character relationships and specifically the passions aroused therein. (today, well written sex scenes are expected, dare I say mandatory, in lesbian novels of any genre. The trick is to keep it erotic without becoming tacky or pornographic, unless you want to throw that sub-genre into the mix as well)
Another aspect I need to keep in mind when I write is with archetypal/stereotypical roles that the reader again expects to find, in some shape or form, within the story. Butch/femme, passive/dominant, androgynous, etc, and the sub-groups within those pairings. I walk a fine line between what I believe will sell and how I need my characters to be true to themselves in order to drive the story along.
“Writing is far too hard work to say what someone else wants me to. Serving it as a craft, using it as a way of growing in my own understanding, seems to me to be a beautiful way to live. And if that product is shareable with other people, so much the better” – Jane Rule